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Remembering KK on his 78th Birthday: Retracing the Journey of his Musical Career

Madhavi writes……. Part 1: The Very Beginning Kishore Kumar would have been seventy-eight this year today if he had not died so inopportunely twenty years ago, at the peak of his career, leaving so many of his fans bereft. He ruled the Hindi film industry in the seventies and eighties but one tends to forget […]

Madhavi writes…….

Part 1: The Very Beginning

Kishore Kumar would have been seventy-eight this year today if he had not died so inopportunely twenty years ago, at the peak of his career, leaving so many of his fans bereft. He ruled the Hindi film industry in the seventies and eighties but one tends to forget that he had been in the industry for much longer than that. He began his career as early as 1948 and had to struggle for twenty long years before he reached the sensational success that began with his roller-coaster ride from Aradhana (1969) onwards initiated by the successful partnership with R.D. Burman and Rajesh Khanna after which he sang for nearly every successful contemporary hero from Jeetendra to Amitabh to Dharmendra to Shashi Kapoor and Rishi Kapoor apart from singing for some complete non-entities who still survive in the Chitrahaar DVDs of Kishore Kumar solely because of the incredible songs that Kishore sang for them.

While the two later decades are full of glittering gems, as well as some duds, the earlier two decades, when he was struggling to establish himself as a singer, amidst a number of other brilliant singers, tends to get ignored when one writes about his career, the pro-Kishore camp insisting and concentrating on how he dominated playback singing in the seventies and eighties and the detractors insisting and concentrating on how Hindi film music took a plunge into abysmal depths seventies onwards. And providing fodder to the myth-building is the larger-than-life personality of Kishore Kumar, with his hugely successful film career in the fifties and his determined attempts to foil his own career, his completely eccentric behavior with his producers, his obsession with money, his fracas with the Indian government over tax issues, his four marriages, his anti-social behavior, his hugely successful stage shows, and his odd and serious attempts at directing films which were practically one-man shows with him attempting to write the lyrics and the stories of his films, apart from acting, directing and singing in them!

Here is a brief attempt to look at how this colorful genius with a golden voice began his career, and then maybe to continue to look at his output in each decade beginning with the fifties.

A self-confessed fan of Saigal, a couple his solos (“Jis Dil Ne Mohabbat Ki” and “Bhoolne Waale“) are available from a private album that was composed in 1945, songs that palpably show Saigal’s influence on Kishore. He began his film career with a solo ” Marne Ki Duayen Kyun Mangun” composed by the famed Khemchand Prakash in 1948 which again is heavily influenced by Saigal (KP’s pre-Mahal success was his Saigal dominated album Tansen-1943, which must have reinforced the Saigal influence); as is the duet with Lata from the same movie, ” Ye Kaun Aaya”. While Lata would go on to dizzying heights of popularity with her next song for Khemchand Prakash in Mahal the very next year, the road to success was much harder for Kishore.

In 1950 he sang for four films under four different music directors – Muqaddar for Khemchand Prakash again (this time in partnership with Bhola Shreshtha), Pyar for S.D. Burman and one stray number for each of the albums of Chitragupt’s Hamara Ghar and Hansraj Behl’s Khiladi, which had elder brother Ashok Kumar as the hero. The early partnership of Kishore Kumar and S.D. Burman began when Dada Burman who was visiting elder brother Ashok Kumar, and heard Kishore singing inside and mistook it for a Saigal song. He shrewdly advised Kishore to develop his own style, an advice that Kishore took to heart and one sees how quickly he shifted to a much more personal style as early as 1950 in both the albums of Khemchand Prakash ( Muqaddar) and S.D. Burman (Pyar). In Muqaddar he was the lead actor and got to sing four duets with Asha, one sees him come out on his own in songs such “Aati hai yaad humko Janwary Farwari ” and don’t forget to check out “Ek Do Teen Char” for some great early yodeling by KK. S.D. Burman surprisingly gave him all the songs in Pyar which has Raj Kapoor and Nargis as the lead pair and Kishore got to sing a variety of songs; he had two duets with Geeta Dutt-a mast one (“Ek Hum aur Doosre Tum” which has Geeta and Kishore pitting their skills in the lovely humming that the song begins with and which somehow reminds me of “Thandi Hawayen“) and a sad one(“O Bewafa Ye To Bata“), one duet/group song with Shamshad Begum (“Jalti hai Duniya” seems like a boat song), and two solos…an early road song (“Kachhi Pakki Sadkon Pe” complete with cham cham, whistling, bhum bhum hai hai..etc) and a sad one (“Mohabbat ka chota sa“). Even though he seems to have caught the eye of two great music directors, Khemchand Prakash and S.D . Burman, Kishore was yet to be taken as a serious singer.

The next year had Kishore singing two lovely tracks for Madan Mohan in Ada (“Dil Gaya” and the peppy competition duet with Shamshad “Jo Tum Karo Main Kar Sakta Hoon Badhke” giving ample scope for histrionics…and ending with KK doing a Saigal parody and finally losing to Shamshad) Both were probably sung by the hero’s sidekick, and though Madan Mohan’s favorite male singers were Talat and Rafi, he has composed a surprisingly large number of songs with Kishore Kumar too. And the same goes for Chitragupt who composed some beautiful songs for Kishore…- Kishore sang a duet with Shamshad and one with Talat for Hamari Shaan.. During this time he seems to have sung a number of duets with Shamshad Begum, a pairing which sparks with effortless, mischievous inflections, what a pity that Shamshad did not get to sing more duets with Kishore in later years. S.D. Burman continued to give him some lovely tracks in his albums this year, in Baazi and Bahaar he gave him a solo each ( “Mere Labon Pe” and “Kasoor Aapka“) and in Naujawan he gave him with two duets, one with Lata (” Dekho Ji“) and one with Shamshad Begum (“O Piya O Piya“)

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In 1952 Kishore started appearing in films (Najaria, Kafila, Chham Chhama Chham Chham, Hamari Shaan) not daring to object to his elder brother’s wishes, and by a strange twist of fate, his acting career took off much faster than his singing career, a twist that Kishore resisted with his own particular brand of eccentricity trying to stymie his own career, by acting more and more outrageously in his roles and outside them. But whatever he did (in front of the camera, at least), was eagerly lapped by both the directors and producers and ultimately the audience. He was soon to be recognized as a nightmare by his producers, but that did not stop his singing career from becoming inextricably bound with his acting career. Behind the childish capers of Kishore, however, one recognizes a passion for singing that foresaw that his acting career would typecast him and limit the range of his singing and ultimately choke his singing career. It is interesting to note that his singing career finally took off only after his acting career took a backseat in the sixties. It is equally interesting to note that the other two successful singers of the fifties, Talat Mehmood and Mukesh had both tried unsuccessfully to establish themselves as actors, attempts that failed miserably and which cost them to lose some steam before they abandoned the attempt and moved back to playback singing. The only completely successful combination of an acting and a singing career was perhaps achieved by Saigal and it is strange that Kishore, despite being a great fan of Saigal, did not seem to want it, and yet did juggle them for two decades.

What Kishore saw as a detraction was perhaps more complicated than that, his acting career did get him to appear in complete albums, a feat that would have been much more difficult to achieve considering the number of star players that were in the field in the fifties (Hemant Kumar, Talat Mehmood, Rafi, Mukesh), and the distinct preferences that the dominant music directors had for particular singers, especially when one remembers that apart from S. D. Burman, none of the music directors were willing to consider him seriously at the time.

But the rest of the fifties, comprising the inextricable combination of Kishore the actor and Kishore the singer, and its advantages and disadvantages deserves a separate installment….
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21 Responses to “Remembering KK on his 78th Birthday: Retracing the Journey of his Musical Career”

  1. 1
    A Singh Says:

    Kishore Da may not be physically with us but his evergreen voice will always be with us for years to come. I pay may tributes to this unforgetable legend.

  2. 2
    Debjyoti Says:

    happy Birth-Day to guru(kishore da)…………….
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  3. 3
    Azad Says:

    So beautifully composed Madhavi.

  4. 4
    SAURABH SRIVASTAVA Says:

    MANY MANY HAPPY RETURNS OF THE DAY ”KISHORE DA”
    TODAY IS KISHORE DA’S 78TH BIRTHDAY,its a very great day for a new singers like me

    FOR ME KISHORE DA AS A GURU, HE IS A IDEAL PERSON FOR ME
    STUDENT OF KISHORE DA—–SAURABH (NITIN)

  5. 5
    Salil Says:

    WISHING THE GREATEST SINGER,ACTOR,ALLROUNDER KISHORE KUMAR A VERY HAPPY 78TH BIRTHDAY.

  6. 6
    Gurufan Says:

    Wow, madhvi

    what a detailed account written so well…!!

    enjoyed reading it

    GF

  7. 7
    surindra Says:

    Wonderful Kishore, we will always enjoy your melodies.

    surindra

  8. 8
    P. Haldar Says:

    Happy Birthday Kishore da. “Thandi hawa yeh chandni suhani”, what a beautiful song he composed for himself!

  9. 9
    auindrila Says:

    ”janeee kyaa soch karr nahi guzraa”………….. kishore daaa many happy returns of the dayy………..

  10. 10
    eskayes Says:

    Madhavi, lovely account of the early years of Guru….I must say a very objective analysis…you do make writing look so simple…

    You are right that his singing career was quite inextricably bound with his acting career…and I feel that slowed the his entire progress through 50s as a singer, since he had got typecast as a comedy actor by then…more he did comedy roles, more comedy songs he sung, and less and less music composers considered him for serious songs…I think, perhaps, his home productions of Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein. and Door Ka Rahi helped a lot on portraying his abilities for singing more intense songs…

    In a nutshell, I would feel he did good to distance himself from acting (since that would have restricted his progress as a singer)…

  11. 11
    Rajeev Mitra Says:

    We will always miss u Kishore da… U remain in our heart always… I will neva forget the day u left us. Coz that same day my whole family was admitted in hospital due to viral fever… except me. I was only 17 years old then… I used to take medicenes and foods for my family to the hospital 19 kms away from home by a cycle… After I heard u passed away… I was crying all the way till I reached hospital and father asked me “Raju ki holo kadchish keno”… I was unable to speak just crying and crying. Suddenly I feel dark in my sight and fall down but later I was ok. But since then every year same day there were tears in my eyes… I dont know why… What relation I have with U… But I swear I MISS U.. Jekhanei thako bhalo theko… Tomar moto (xerox) aar keu hobena …
    I LOVE U KISHOREda…
    I wish all the fortunes for your family… May God bless them…

  12. 12
    Madhavi Says:

    Thank you everyone for your comments. And thank you Azad, Gurufan and SKS for your encouraging words. SKS, I agree with you, the comic songs of Guru far outweigh his “serious” songs in the first two decades and that would definitely have frustrated a singer of his caliber. I feel Mannadey was similarly underused by many MDs.

  13. 13
    Debjyoti Says:

    JAI SHRI MAHAGURU KISHOREDA BHAGWAN KI!!!

  14. 14
    Gurufan Says:

    MADHVI,

    pL WRITE MORE OFTEN.

    LOVE READING YOUR POSTS

    GF

  15. 15
    Gooseberry Says:

    Madhaviji yes please write more articles. It is a pleasure to read them.

    GB \../

  16. 16
    Raja Says:

    Melody is other name of KISHORE KUMAR

  17. 17
    gautam banerjee Says:

    i happen to share my birthday month with this great personality. for me right since my childhood i have understood that star like KK is born once in 1000 years.

  18. 18
    ManMohan Sharma Says:

    I love kishore da. His voice is soo …………. I have no word to say. His voice touches my heart & soul.

  19. 19
    jagadish p h Says:

    i am also a great fan of kishore………..i dont know what happens to me when hear is songs …i just standstill……..i heard his songs while i was preparing for puc exams…..before that while reading i is to take tension……..then my father who to is a great fan of kishoreda told to hear old songs particularly of kishore’s……from then onwards i got habbit of reading books simultaneously listening to kishore da s songs……….”I REQUEST THE FM RADIO CHANNELS TO KEEP A SPECIAL PROGRAM ON HIM”………..

  20. 20
    jabardastbond Says:

    Kishore Kumar is the greatest voice to ever have blessed the Silver Screen (Hindi or otherwise). However there is a small issue that needs to be resolved with regards to a few of his songs. This is something that RD Burman probably started, and was later carried on by Shankar Jaikishen and Bappi Lahri.

    What is the small issue? Some of this songs were rendered at a faster speed! Three songs in Mere Jeevan Saathi (Apno Ko Kab Hai Shyam, Chala Jata Hoon, and Kitne Sapne Kitne Arman) are a little too peppy, and clearly have been rerecorded at a faster pace. No doubt about it.

    Two songs from Paraya Dhan (Aaj unse pehli mulakaat, and ‘Aao jhoomen gayee’) are also subjected to the speed play. Rona Kabhi Nanin Rona (Apna Desh), Chalte Chalte, Aap ke Kamre main koi Rehta Hai.

    Is there any Kishore Kumar fan who agrees with me that we need to make an effort to find the originals for these songs? If we cannot find the originals lets make a collective effort, by putting out heads together, and re-master these peppy unnatural songs to reveal his true, GOLDEN voice.

    Any takers?

  21. 21
    Anita sharmim Says:

    As much as I may like kishore kumar the truth and the facts are that he is no way as good as mohd rafi he just doesn’t have the versatility. He was not blessed with a great voice but blessed with who he knew in the buisness and having a well known actor brother ashok kumar did wonders for his career.

    He could yoodle ok but would never have reached where he was if it wasn’t for the contacts he knew in the industry. Hardly any memorable songs in his career says it all!

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